CHILDREN TREATED FOR SEVERE ACUTE MALNUTRITION (SAM)
CHILDREN RECIVED OUTPATIENT HEATLTH CARE
MOTHERS TRAINED TO DETECT MALNUTRITION
After decades of internal conflict and ongoing insecurity related
to the Boko Haram insurgency, the security situation in Chad
remains fragile. Access to health care is limited and there is a
chronic shortage of medical staff and supplies in health clinics.
Recent influxes of refugees fleeing violence in neighboring Central
African Republic, Niger, Sudan, and Nigeria further exacerbates the
situation, and the medical needs are increasing.
Like most countries in the Sahel, Chad faces high levels of food insecurity. 11.7% of children suffer from global acute malnutrition and 1.4% from severe acute malnutrition in the capital, N’Djamena. Outbreaks of cholera, measles, and malaria are chronic.
Since 2012 ALIMA has partnered with the Chadian medical NGO Alerte Santé. Alerte Santé works to improve access to health care by supporting existing medical structures with materials and staff, as well as ensuring quality management of acute malnutrition and pediatric medical care.
Together with Alerte Santé, ALIMA supports children under the age of five in N’Djamena and the district of Ngouri in the Lake Chad region with a medical and nutritional treatment program. Severely malnourished children are either treated as outpatients using ready-to-use therapeutic foods, or admitted to the hospital for treatment if they have other complications. In 2016, ALIMA/Alerte Santé treated more than 27,000 pediatric patients and 810 children for malaria in Ngouri.
In additional to medical care, a 12-month research project, DIDIMAS, was launched in late 2015, and completed in December 2016. The project used a molecular biology technology known as Biofire to study the infectious causes of diarrhea in severely malnourished children with complications at the China-Chad Friendship Hospital in N’Djamena. Results from the study are expected to be published in 2017.