PATIENTS TREATED FOR MALARIA
PATIENTS TREATED FOR CHOLERA
CHILDREN VACCINATED AGAINST MEASLES
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the second largest country in Africa, has been gripped by dire humanitarian and health crises for many years. Rich in natural resources, DRC has been the scene of conflicts since the early 1990s. This has resulted in large population displacements, as well as the destruction of health facilities and public services. Outbreaks of cholera, measles and malaria are frequent throughout the country. The medical needs here are enormous and the country’s infant mortality rate is one of the highest in the world.
ALIMA has been working in Katanga Province since the end of 2013 to respond to medical emergencies related to outbreaks and displacement, and to help improve hygiene and access to water. RUSH also provides epidemiological surveillance in 23 health zones in Katanga. In the event of an outbreak, they are able to deploy an evaluation team within 72 hours to carry out an exploration mission to assess needs and respond to an epidemic. RUSH led 18 investigations into 56 alerts/warnings between 2013 and 2015, and launched ten interventions.
In 2016, ALIMA continued its epidemiological surveillance and emergency response activities for cholera, measles and malaria in four provinces of the former Katanga province as part of the RUSH IV project, which was funded by ECHO. The interventions (3 for cholera; 1 for measles) provided treatment for 32,725 patients and vaccinated 149,419 children against measles, over the course of 12 months.
The year 2016 was marked by an increase in the number of reported cholera cases throughout DRC, particularly in the provinces along the Congo River, which accounted for 70% cholera-related deaths in the country. Faced with this situation, ALIMA launched a response in the provinces of Maniema, Tshopo and Mongala in mid-November 2016. Medical teams treated 2,572 patients.
Since mid-January 2017, ALIMA began carrying out a project to provide access to primary health care in the Opienge health district (Tshopo Province) for host populations and people displaced by conflict further east. In addition to primary care, ALIMA provides emergency obstetric and neonatal care, emergency medical care for victims of sexual violence and routine immunizations. Teams cared for 310 hospitalized patients and 6,876 ambulatory patients between January and the end of April.